Cobblestone September 2018. In this illuminating edition of COBBLESTONE Magazine, your kids will be introduced to Dr. Benjamin Rush, who was not only a Founding Father, but also the “Father of American Psychiatry.” Learn More
Printer, writer, inventor, civic leader, scientist, diplomat. Most people would be happy to be famous in any one of these roles. Benjamin Franklin found a level of fame in ALL of these categories! Meet this busy founding father in October’s COBBLESTONE!
He is famous for being an American traitor, but your opinion may soften a bit when you read this issue on Benedict Arnold. Readers explore his childhood and examine the events that shaped his early life. As a young man, Arnold was a loyal patriot to the cause of the American Revolution. In fact, his actions in the first several years of the war prevented the British from winning any decisive battles. Arnold also fought at the battles of Saratoga, which are considered a turning point in the war. So why did he become a traitor to his native country? This issue will try to answer this question. /cob9911t Learn More
Two years into the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), one British general felt
pretty confident that the"rebellion" by the American colonists could easily be put down. His plan-to invade New York State from the British base in Canada and cut off the troublesome New Englanders from their fellow colonists-resulted instead in a major win for the Americans. In addition to guiding readers through the movements of the British and American armies during the Saratoga Campaign and showing how the British defeat at these battles impacted the rest of the war, this issue also introduces some of the key players: John Burgoyne and Barry St. Leger on the British side and Horatio Gates, Daniel Morgan, and Benedict Arnold on the American side. There's an article that describes what life was like for camp followers as well as a behind-the-scenes look at how soldiers survived day-to-day life in the army in the 1700s. And you can read about the Saratoga National Historical Park, where members of the National Park Service work to preserve the story of this pivotal, turning point event in American
history. Learn More
If he believed in something, few of our Founding Fathers could bring more passion to the cause than John Adams. During the difficult years when the 13 Colonies itched for more freedom and more respect but didn't quite believe it was going to require a break from Great Britain to gain, Adams became a strong voice for independence. Having convinced his fellow colonists to fight, he spent decades in public service to ensure that our young nation had every chance to succeed. This November issue not only focuses on the life author, lawyer, diplomat, Founding Father, vice president, president, husband, and father John Adams, but it also looks at the other many noteworthy Adams family members, from wife Abigail to great-grandsons. Learn More
It has been an exciting election year, but wait until you see this month's issue! Even though nearly all of the Founding Fathers were suspicious of political parties and considered them dangerous, it didn't take long for them to become a permanent part of the election process. In the September issue, we take a look at the rise of political parties, which basically rose through the differences of opinion between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. We see how party loyalties almost destroyed a valued friendship between two great Americans. We trace the roots of our two major parties today, and we describe the rise and fall -- and role -- of third parties in our political process. The experts chime in on the pros and cons of political parties. There's a crossword puzzle and a fun cartoon contest -- we provide the art, you provide the caption. Plus Dr. D's got a great mystery hero, and Ebenezer and the Colonel have big plans in the forest.
Correction: Page 24, 54-40 for Fight slogan
This famous slogan has long been associated with the 1844 election of Democrat James K. Polk, but it actually did not appear until two years later, in 1846. Polk won election by promising to negotiate with Great Britain to set the United States’ northwest boundary at latitude 54 degrees 40 minutes. At the time, Britain claimed the land in dispute.Once elected, however, Polk appeared willing to compromise with Britain for a northern boundary of 49 degrees latitude, much farther south than he had promised. Some Americans continued to push for the original northern boundary of latitude 54 degrees 40 minutes. The above slogan comes from the heated political debate that raged in 1846. The remaining land is now part of Canada.